Temple of Jupiter
This is the Temple of Jupiter with Mount Vesuvius in the background. It is located on the north end of Forum and dates back to the 2nd century BC.
The panoramic photo below (courtesy of Wikipedia) is of the forum with the Temple of Jupiter and Mount Vesuvius in the background.
Temple of Apollo
The Temple of Apollo was undergoing a rebuild at the time the Temple of Jupiter was being erected in 2nd century BC. The first photo is a reconstruction of what the Temple of Apollo may have looked like prior to the eruption of Mount Vesuvius. Right underneath it is a photo of what the Temple of Apollo looks like today.
The Victims of Pompeii
The bones that were discovered in Pompeii were preserved using plaster. The restorers have left the bones in the position in which they were found. You can see from the photos below that they are quite haunting. One of the saddest and perhaps the most disturbing is the figure of the child. In another, you can see the person’s skull and teeth. Those who come to Pompeii should remember that these are the remains of people as they perished and forever frozen in time.
Until 2010, it was “widely assumed that most of the victims were asphyxiated by volcanic ash and gas. But a recent study says most died instantly of extreme heat, with many casualties shocked into a sort of instant rigor mortis. … Volcanologist Giuseppe Mastrolorenzo said, “The contorted postures are not the effects of a long agony, but of the cadevaric spasm, a consequence of heat shock on corpses”.” (National Geographic, 2010)
A couple of links for further reading:
- Valsecchi, Maria Cristina (2010). Pompeiians Flash-Heated to Death – “No Time to Suffocate”, National Geographic Daily News: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2010/11/101102/pompeii-mount-vesuvius-science-died-instantly-heat-bodies/
- Stewart, Doug (2006). Resurrecting Pompeii. Smithsonian Magazine: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history-archaeology/pompeii.html